Women often experience mild to severe constipation at any stage of pregnancy, but more commonly in early pregnancy (1).
Symptoms of constipation (3):
When you are experiencing repeated rectal bleeding or abdominal pain, visit your doctor, because these may be symptoms of a serious health condition, such as intestinal inflammation or parasites.
Women prone to constipation in general are more likely to be constipated during pregnancy.
Try to have bowel movements regularly, a good time is every morning after breakfast.
Try to maintain regular sleeping and eating schedule.
Exercise regularly. Swimming (7) or walking for around 20-30 minutes at least 2 to 3 times every week stimulates bowel motility. Yoga may help to reduce stress.
Drink enough water (or coconut water) to keep you well hydrated (6). However, there is no need to exaggerate with water. More than 300 mL of translucent or yellow urine in the morning and tense skin on the back of your hand which becomes flat immediately when you pinch and release it are few signs of good hydration.
Include some foods high in fiber in your diet: whole-grain breads or cereals, brown rice, beans and peas, fresh vegetables and fruits. Fruits and vegetables most useful for this purpose include prunes, kiwi, peas and beans. NOTE: Large amounts of foods, high in soluble fiber, such as barley or oat bran, can cause unpleasant bloating.
Avoid or limit these foods:
Supplements that may be associated with constipation:
Stimulant laxatives may cause abdominal cramps and should be used only when other laxatives are not effective (8).
NOTE: None of the above treatment options and home remedies should be used unless they are approved by your doctor. Seek immediate medical attention if you are experiencing serious complications such as rectal bleeding and hemorrhoids.