It is completely normal to have a little gas along with bloating, regardless of whether you are pregnant or not. According to experts, an individual is likely to pass wind 14-15 times a day in average . However, this number tends to get much higher as pregnancy makes you more prone to gas, bloating, flatulence and burping .
There are various factors responsible for causing the problem in different stages of pregnancy with the rising progesterone levels being a principal cause .
The pregnancy hormone relaxes all the smooth muscles in your body, including the gastrointestinal tract, slowing down the digestive process . As a result, the food stays in the digestive tract for a longer time, making you feel bloated and gassy, especially after eating.
The growing uterus putting pressure on your digestive tract further slows down the digestion process, causing bloating in the second and third trimesters .
Indigestion and constipation are major risk factors for gas, belching and flatulence .
As mentioned above, the high pregnancy hormone levels begin to relax the digestive tract muscles from the early weeks of pregnancy, making gas and bloating two of the earliest pregnancy symptoms .
Vegetables containing the sugar raffinose :
Starchy, gluten-rich and fiber-rich foods : Foods rich in fiber are usually broken down in the large intestine (with a few exceptions like wheat bran), which means they take longer to digest in pregnancy.
Fried fatty or greasy items, junk foods and salty, fried foods take a longer time to break down and digest than other foods . Naturally, it takes even longer to complete the digestion of such foods when pregnant, making it more likely for you to develop gas and bloating. Artificial sweeteners, dairy products, coffee, sugary fizzy drinks, alcohol and chewing gum  are some other foods that might lead to the symptoms .
Although it might seem quite harmful, gas, bloating and flatulence do not affect your baby as he is safe inside the uterus, surrounded by amniotic fluid .
Most cases do not require any medical treatment as the symptoms fade away on their own shortly after delivery. However, there are certain tips and remedies to help you mange the uncomfortable bloated feeling.
There are a number of natural remedies that can aid in indigestion and bloating; however, they are not always recommended in pregnancy. Herbs like basil , chamomile , oregano , peppermint , fennel , cinnamon and garlic are considered safe in later pregnancy, when taken in regular food amounts. However, they should be avoided in the first trimester as the use of herbs is often associated with various complications and birth defects .
Consult your doctor or midwife in case of severe gas and bloating that refuses to go away with the above lifestyle changes and natural remedies. There are many over-the-counter and prescription anti-gas medications, such as Simethicone (Gas-X, Mylicon) that can provide relief and are safe for pregnant women . Antacids with low sodium contents are often prescribed for curing acid reflux and bloated stomach .
Look out for the following symptoms as they might indicate something more serious than just gas and indigestion: