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Birth Defects

Birth defects or congenital anomalies include any structural, functional or metabolic abnormalities present at birth or developing within the initial months of an infant’s life. Many of these disorders and malformations are genetic while some develop due to poor diet and lifestyle of the mother during pregnancy. The immense progress in medical and technological fields have made it possible to treat most of these problems before or after birth; but, many of them still do not have any cure.

Twin-to-Twin Transfusion Syndrome

What is Twin-to-Twin Transfusion Syndrome? Twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome or TTTS, a rare condition affecting identical twins, causes the two fetuses to get unequal blood supply. It can occur at any stage of pregnancy [1], leading to various congenital defects and even death of one or …

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Anencephaly

What is anencephaly? Anencephaly is a form of neural tube defect (NTD) that hampers the normal brain and skull development [1]. Babies affected by this condition are often stillborn or die within a few hours or days of birth.

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temp Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)

What is fetal alcohol syndrome? Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) are a group of potentially disabling congenital conditions that occur due to alcohol consumption by the mother during pregnancy, with fetal alcohol syndrome or FAS being the most severe among them [1]. Problems and complications …

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Hydrops Fetalis

Hydrops Fetalis Definition Hydrops fetalis (also referred to as fetal hydrops or simply hydrops) is a serious complication characterized by severe edema (fluid buildup) in multiple body areas of a fetus or a newborn infant. [1] In most cases, it is first observed during the …

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temp Amniotic Band Syndrome

What Is Amniotic Band Syndrome? Amniotic band syndrome or ABS occurs due to a pregnancy complication in which the fetus gets entangled with string-like amniotic bands. It hampers the growth and development of the baby by restricting the blood supply to certain body parts. ABS …

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