It is celebration time now as your infant steps into his first birthday. Let us take a quick review of what your little one has achieved till now.
|How much should a 12-month-old weigh||17.19 to 26.01 pounds ||15.65 to 24.91 pounds |
|What should the height of a 12-month-old be||28.07 to 31.57 inches ||27.24 to 31.06 inches |
|How much should their head size be||17.16 to 19.09 inches ||16.65 to 18.70 inches |
|What is the respiratory rate of a 12-month old ||20 to 30 breaths per minute||20 to 30 breaths per minute|
|What is the heart rate of a 12-month-old ||70 to 110 beats per minute||70 to 110 beats per minute|
A one-year-old will show flexible and dexterous finger movements, being able to grasp small objects using the tip of his thumb and index finger [5, 6]. Some may begin feeding on their own with the help of a spoon or their fingers .
Apart from “ma-ma” and “da-da”, he may be uttering certain exclamatory words such as “ah” and “uh-oh” [4, 7, 8] to express his feelings. Getting skilled at imitation, your baby tries copying what you just said by making similar sounds .
Due to better coordination between his ears and brain , your child begins understanding simple questions and instructions such as “Where is your head?” and “Say bye-bye to nanny”. He may shake his head both ways to indicate a “no”, for expressing his unwillingness to do something .
Your baby is keen on exploring things in varied ways by knocking, pushing, shaking, throwing and banging at objects within his reach . His attention span may increase for two to five minutes  for doing activities that does not need too much physical exertion, like turning pages of a book. Beginning to learn the correct usage of certain things, he may bring the phone to his ears pretending to start a conversation, or try combing his hair using a hairbrush . To satisfy his curiosity of understanding the mechanism of different things, he may indulge in pushing buttons on your phone or try opening closets and drawers .
Having a better understanding of object permanence, they get more anxious about being separated from their parents, displaying a clingy behavior. On the other hand, the company of unfamiliar people makes them anxious [8, 9]. However, as they start recognizing and remembering known faces, they smile the moment they see their caregiver or anyone who they regularly see [9,10].
They have a well-developed eyesight by now with adequate color and depth perception. Getting farsighted, they begin recognizing familiar faces at a distance, such as from a window .
With most of them getting their teeth, babies can eat a variety of solid foods. Introduce new breakfast and lunch ideas to make mealtime interesting for picky eaters. Fried, poached, boiled or scrambled eggs can be opted for . If you have not yet introduced meat to your baby’s diet try adding it in its pureed form to his favorite vegetables, helping him to get used to its taste . Plain, unsweetened yogurt is a healthy choice .
As your baby has transitioned into a toddler, try reducing the frequency of nursing and introduce him to weaning. You can now give him cow milk or whole milk. As solid food forms a major part of his diet, the milk intake should not be more than 450ml to 600ml in a day [33, 34].
Babies will sleep for 12 to 14 hours, with one or two naps during the daytime. Most of them will only take the afternoon nap, refusing to sleep in the morning [8, 35].
|Name of the vaccine||What is it given for|
|Hepatitis A (HAV) (two shots given at an interval of six months) ||Protecting against Hepatitis A that may cause a liver disease.|
|Hib||Fight against Haemophilus influenza Type B that might cause meningitis, epiglottitis and pneumonia .|
|MMR (first shot between 12 and 15 months)||Protects against mumps, measles and rubella (German measles) |
|Varicella||Helps the body fight against chicken pox .|
|PCV||Protecting from pneumococcal diseases that can result in pneumonia, ear infections and meningitis .|
Some common symptoms of the above vaccinations include fever, swelling, redness and warm sensation in the area of the vaccine, lessened sleep and fatigue.
Published on August 18th 2015 by Pregmed Editorial Team.
Article was last reviewed on 12th September 2015.